Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow proposed his psychology of needs in 1943. The lower needs are also known as deficiency needs and the upper ones as growth needs. He later added self-transcendence which is considered a spiritual need. Check out the Wikipedia page on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, or a Video of Maslow’s Needs. I provide a simplified summary of the needs below:

  • Physiological Needs– food, water, shelter, clothing
  • Safety Needs– family security, protection
  • Social Needs– belonging, friendship, love
  • Esteem Needs– need to be a respected individual
  • Self-actualization– to feel complete & valid in all aspects of self, to feel confident in being oneself

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

(original diagram can be found here: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs diagram)

Maslow asserted that few actually reach self-actualization. The basic needs are physiological and safety needs and can have severely negative impact on a child’s future if not met. Read a bit more about Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in my post about “What to do if a child’s basic needs aren’t being met”.

4 Replies to “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”

  1. Hi,
    I would love to quote your work in a uni assignment I am doing – I wish to use the Maslow hierarchy of needs diagram.
    I am studying environmental education and looking at ways to motivate people.

    May I please have your name to include in my reference list? Many thanks!
    Rose Moore – Sydney, Australia

  2. hello,i’m a student studing about child philosophy.i will love 2 know more about d 5 level basic needs of ABRAHAM MASLOW HIERARCHY 2 assist myself and other educators 2 respond 2 d potential an indiviual has 4 growing in2 a self_actualizing person of his/her own kind… Thanks 4 ur luving gesture assisting people 2 know their POTENTIAL.ESAN ELIZABETH,lagos,ikeja,NIGERIA.

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