-Knowledge is constructed by the individual with guidance from an educator
-Teacher’s role is as facilitator
-Learner is active
-Much collaboration and cooperative learning
-Reinforcement is natural/intrinsic
-Teacher demonstrates strategies and supports the students’ use of these strategies in a discussion in which all jointly construct meaning. Gradually, more and more of the responsibility for the discussion is turned over to the students. Learners tend to internalize strategies that they can transfer to other academic tasks (big picture/real life application).