Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow proposed his psychology of needs in 1943. The lower needs are also known as deficiency needs and the upper ones as growth needs. He later added self-transcendence which is considered a spiritual need. Check out the Wikipedia page on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, or a Video of Maslow’s Needs. I provide a simplified summary of the needs below:

  • Physiological Needs– food, water, shelter, clothing
  • Safety Needs– family security, protection
  • Social Needs– belonging, friendship, love
  • Esteem Needs– need to be a respected individual
  • Self-actualization– to feel complete & valid in all aspects of self, to feel confident in being oneself

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

(original diagram can be found here: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs diagram)

Maslow asserted that few actually reach self-actualization. The basic needs are physiological and safety needs and can have severely negative impact on a child’s future if not met.

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